At Barwic Parade Community Primary School we aim to develop the pupil’s geographical knowledge of their surrounding area, the United Kingdom and the World. We use maps, atlases, photographs and the internet to help locate villages, towns, cities, countries, mountain ranges and seas.


Children in the Early Years are encouraged to explore their changing environment through outdoor experiences. The knowledge and skills they get from these experiences are linked to the opportunity to celebrate other cultures in the world.


Opportunities are created for the children to visit different areas both locally and further a field. Trips have been made to local farms and to the seaside and our older children experience trips to different places each year.


We believe that children who leave Barwic Parade Community Primary School leave with an awareness and understanding of their local area, the United Kingdom and the wider world.



GEOGRAPHY EXPECTATIONS AT Barwic Parade Community Primary School  


The New National Curriculum states that pupils will learn:



Our pupils will develop their knowledge about the world, the UK and their own locality. They will understand basic geography vocabulary and begin to use skills to enhance their locational knowledge.


Pupils will learn: 


Locational knowledge

Name and find the 7 continents and 5 oceans and name and locate and find out about the 4 countries and capital cities of the UK and its surrounding seas.


Place Knowledge

Look at a small area of the UK and compare it to a small area of a contrasting country not in Europe. Look at what is the same and what is different about the human and physical geography.


Human and Physical Geography

Look at seasonal and daily weather patterns in the UK and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.

Be able to use these words correctly:

  • Physical features: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather.
  • Human features: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop.


Geographical Skills and Fieldwork

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital mapping to locate the UK and its countries as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied. Use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and directions (e.g. near, far, left and right) to describe where things are and how to get somewhere on a map. Use aerial photos to recognise landmarks and other features, make a map and put basic symbols in a key.

Study the school and its surrounding environment carrying out simple fieldwork and looking at its key human and physical features.



Pupils will extend their geographical knowledge and understanding to include: their local area, the UK, Europe, North and South America. This will include the significant human (man-made) and physical (natural) features of the locations studied.


Locational knowledge

Use maps to locate the countries being studied; including environmental regions, capital cities and important physical and human characteristics. They will locate counties and cities and topographical features (mountains, rivers, coasts etc) in the UK. Understand that these features may have changed over time. Pupils will identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern and Southern Hemisphere, the tropics, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Greenwich Meridian and time zones.


Place Knowledge

Study differences between a region of the UK, a European country and a region of North or South America.


Human and Physical Geography

Describe and understand key aspects of physical geography, e.g. climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes and the water cycle.

Describe and understand key aspects of human geography, e.g. settlement, land use, economy and trade and the distribution of natural resources (energy, food, minerals and water).


Geographical Skills and Fieldwork

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital mapping to locate countries and describe features.
Use 8 points of a compass, 4 and 6 figure grid references, symbols and keys to improve their knowledge of the UK and wider world. 
Through fieldwork; measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area through a range of methods.